How to Become a Mobile App Developer (Beginner’s Guide 2023) – With the increase in smartphone users and the development of internet connection infrastructure. This makes the popularity of mobile applications also increase so that mobile application development ( mobile application development ) becomes unavoidable. Many businesses are starting to consider developing mobile apps to survive in today’s digital era. Communities and companies also prefer to carry out transactions or other activities through mobile applications rather than other platforms .
At this time, smartphones have a variety of different software and operating systems. Therefore, the profession as an Application Developer or Mobile Developer is urgently needed at this time, especially considering how smartphones are an important part of everyday life. This article will take a deeper look at mobile app developers and mobile developers . Let’s find out more.
Key Takeaways Mobile App Developer
- Mobile application development is the process of developing or creating mobile -based applications
- Basically, applications on smartphones are developed according to the iOS or Android operating system
- Mobile developer is a profession aimed at those who have expertise in technology to design and build smartphone applications
- Mobile developers must be proficient in multiple programming languages and software development environments
- There are four approaches to mobile application development, namely native, hybrid, cross-platform, and progressive web.
What is Mobile Application Development?
Basically, mobile application development has an understanding as the process of developing or creating mobile -based applications that are often needed by various companies that want to create applications for various devices .
Usually, companies employ or partner with developers to create applications that match the products and technologies owned by the company. Of course, companies also want to develop applications with the best service.
Basically, applications on smartphones are developed according to the operating system or operating system that is commonly found on smartphones . These operating systems include Android developed by Google and iOS developed by Apple for the company’s products.
The mobile application will also be distributed in online application stores . One example is Google Play Store and Apple App Store for iOS. In a way, the two app stores are a source for many people to download the apps they want as needed.
Each company certainly has specific goals and intentions in building applications that suit their type of business. However, many companies aim to strengthen customer bonds, go digital, increase productivity, and more through mobile app development.
Not only that, in the process of developing mobile applications as well, developers are required to be able to apply programming knowledge in order to develop applications with good accessibility. Good accessibility in an application or software allows people from all walks of life, including survivors of disabilities, to be able to use all the features in the application easily.
Purpose and Functions of Mobile Application Development
Today, people often carry their smartphone devices with them everywhere and rely on their phones to store important information such as their schedules, work assignments or notes. Both cellphones and tablets, there must be an application that aims to help manage schedules, increase productivity, or provide entertainment.
This is all made possible thanks to the existence of a mobile application development team that makes it possible to create applications according to needs. There are various types of applications and platforms to choose from based on the target audience and the characteristics of the desired application.
In addition, Mobile application development also functions to ensure that the applications developed can be used properly. This is important to consider because of course every company that has a mobile application also wants to provide the best experience for its users while retaining its customers.
Therefore, mobile application development is needed to ensure that a mobile app can run smoothly on various operating systems and cross-platform by using certain programming languages to find solutions.
Who Designs Mobile App Development?
With various functions and goals of mobile application development to provide the best for users, it is also necessary for people who can understand the ins and outs of developing mobile -based applications . This task is usually carried out by mobile app developers .
Mobile app developer is a profession aimed at those who have expertise in technology for smartphones and mobile gadgets , including creating applications for various mobile platforms such as Android, iOS and Windows.
They are responsible for designing, developing and implementing all mobile applications that are frequently used by many people. They also have to ensure that the software can run properly on the operating system used.
Therefore, mobile app developers must be proficient in various programming languages and software development environments . Each major platform has its own programming language, such as Java for Android and Blackberry, Objective-C for iOS, C# for Windows, and C++ for Symbian. In addition, mobile application developers must also master various tools such as Xamarin and Sencha.
This profession can be further divided into several types, such as Android Developer, iOS Developer, Video Game Developer , or Mobile web developer based on the expertise of each developer. However, technological developments are constantly changing and this profession must also adapt.
What are the Duties and Responsibilities of a Mobile App Developer?
Because developing something that will be used by many people, a mobile app developer certainly has various duties and responsibilities. Not only developing applications, there are several other responsibilities that are also carried out by a mobile app developer , including:
- Work closely with the team in developing the app while enhancing its features to keep it relevant
- Designing the appearance of the user interface in the application using a programming language so that it can provide a good user experience
- Perform maintenance and provide periodic innovations to ensure the continuity and functionality of the application continues to run well
- Implement feedback from clients so that they can fulfill their needs into the application
- Discuss needs with clients while offering application development solutions for clients and colleagues
- Adapting applications that have been developed on other platforms to become cross -platform mobile applications
- Monitor technological developments for further adaptation into applications
- Communicating and coordinating with all existing teams, from designers , back-end and front-end , to the digital marketing team to create appropriate applications.
Capabilities Required for Mobile Developers in Developing Applications
Becoming an app developer requires knowledge and skills in programming languages. However, there are other skills that are often overlooked but are very important for a career in this field.
This ability is not only obtained from formal education, but also through training or apprenticeship programs at companies as a mobile developer . Of course, in addition to increasing capabilities, this will also affect the portfolio for a developer when starting his career.
To start a career in the field of mobile application development , there are several skills that need attention, the following are these abilities.
1. Understand User Interface Design
A mobile app developer should be able to understand user interface design or even be able to design UIs. This is important so they can create programs with maximum functionality.
Not only functionally, applications that are created with a good user interface will also make it possible for all types of users — including survivors with disabilities, to use the application easily.
2. Understand Programming Languages
Programming languages are the main tool for a mobile application developer in creating useful applications and meeting the needs of its users.
The programming languages that must be mastered by a mobile app developer depend on the platform you want to develop, but several programming languages that are commonly used are Swift, Java, Kotlin, Objective-C, and React Native.
The ability to understand programming languages allows developers to solve problems and create effective solutions. Without good knowledge in programming languages, an application developer will find it difficult to create applications that are able to function properly and meet user expectations.
The ability to understand programming languages is also very important in developing applications that are secure and not easily penetrated by hackers. Developers must know how to protect applications and user data from cyber attacks and ensure that their applications do not have security holes.
In addition, the ability to understand programming languages is also very helpful in optimizing application performance. Developers must understand how to write efficient code and optimize the use of device resources so that applications can run properly and don’t eat up a lot of device resources.
3. Problem Solving
A developer must also have good problem solving skills. This relates to various problems that will be encountered when developing applications, running applications, or looking for solutions to problems that occur.
Generally, apps will have problems caused by bugs in their development. As a developer, of course you can’t just let the application have problems.
Of course you have to find out the cause of the problem that occurs and fix the problem to completion. Not only that, you also need to rack your brain to find alternatives if the first method cannot solve the problem.
4. Detail Oriented
As an app developer, it is very important for one to have high attention to detail. In the world of programming, even a small error in entering a space can cause an error that results in an application not being able to run.
This of course will make people frustrated in finding the location of the error. Therefore, it is important to have great patience and thoroughness while working. This is to ensure that every part of the application runs smoothly without any issues.
To ensure this, an application developer must pay close attention to every detail in the application development process. This includes checking every line of code and making sure there are no errors that might affect the final result. By doing this, they can ensure that the applications they build work properly and can be used by users without any problems.
5. Ability Analysis
To become a successful mobile app developer, it is very important for them to understand and analyze people’s needs. It aims to develop applications that match the expectations and needs of society. When an application is created based on the interests of society, then the application has a better chance of success.
Therefore, a mobile app developer must have the ability to analyze community needs, understand the feedback received, and consider the needs of companies when developing applications. This will ensure that the applications developed are in accordance with the expectations and needs of the community, as well as meeting the needs of the company.
6. Creative Thinking
In the end, having creativity is important for an app developer. You must be able to think out-of-the-box to create unique, interesting and innovative applications so that you can have a better advantage over your competitors.
Approach in Mobile Application Development
Basically, there are several approaches to the application development process or mobile application development . Here are the four approaches involved in the process:
1. Hybrid Mobile Application Development
One popular mobile application development approach is a hybrid mobile application . The advantage of this application is that it has a single code that can be used on several platforms at once, so that the application can be accessed on both the Android and iOS operating systems.
Development of hybrid mobile applications is easier and more efficient than native applications, although the performance of hybrid mobile applications is not as good as native applications that have a single code for each platform. However, this hybrid mobile application option is very attractive because it can meet the needs at a more affordable cost.
2. Native Mobile Application Development
Native mobile applications have also become one of the popular approaches in developing mobile applications . However, native mobile applications are written directly into the programming language of the application’s destination operating system.
An example is an application that is only accessed by iOS users, so its development is only written in the Objective-C and C programming languages. Likewise, when making the application usable for Android, it will require the Java programming language.
The advantage of this application is its good performance so that it can provide the best user experience because it only focuses on one operating system. However, developing applications through a native mobile application approach can also be expensive.
3. Cross-Platform Native Mobile Application
This cross-platform native mobile application is basically the same as a hybrid mobile application . The difference lies in rendering , where a hybrid mobile application uses web standards , while a cross-platform native mobile application uses a native engine in its rendering process .
4. Progressive Web Application
Progressive web applications are one approach that will become popular in the future. This is because with progressive web applications, users do not need to download applications from the Play Store or App Store first. Later, the application will automatically adjust the appearance of the existing mobile browser .
This approach does look practical and makes it easier for the user to use it. However, developing with a progressive web applications approach will consume more resources.