Internet of Things

What is Internet of Things (IOT) and How does IOT Works

What is Internet of Things (IOT) and How Does IOT WorksThe world of technology continues to grow day by day throughout the world, even in Indonesia. Various innovations in the IT field of course continue to emerge, one of which is the Internet of Things or IoT. IoT itself is a term that has been popping up a lot lately. However, IoT has actually been developed for a long time, you know. It’s just gaining popularity in recent years.

Then, what exactly is IoT? How Does IOT Work? What benefits will we get if we use it? In this article we will explore various things about IoT. Starting from the understanding, benefits, to its application. Read more, OK?

What is the Internet of Things?

Internet of things is a concept in which an object or object is provided with technology such as sensors or software. Modifications like this aim to communicate, control, and even send data via the internet.

The internet of things is closely related to machine to machine or M2M processes. Usually, devices that have the ability to communicate in M2M like this are called smart devices. This device can be very useful in helping humans in various fields and tasks at hand.

The Elements of the Internet of Things Ecosystem

In order to create an IoT ecosystem, you need various other supporting elements besides smart devices. Here are the things you will need to shape the internet of things.

1. Artificial Intelligence

AI is one of the terms that you will hear a lot when talking about IoT. AI is an intelligence system similar to that of humans, but we can implement and program it into a machine. Thus, the machine has a way of thinking and behaving like humans.

Within artificial intelligence, there are several branches. One of them is machine learning which is very useful in building IoT. On the internet of things, all machines or tools that you use can become smart devices. Therefore, AI is an important component that we cannot separate from IoT. This artificial intelligence functions to collect data, design and develop algorithms, to install networks.

2. Sensors

Sensors are what differentiate the machines we use in IoT from other machines that are just as sophisticated. This gives the machine the ability to determine instruments that can change the IoT engine from a device that was originally passive, to an active and more integrated tool.

3. Connectivity

As the name implies, the internet of things utilizes the internet network to carry out various processes. Therefore, the connection between networks is of course a forming element that cannot be left behind in IoT. In fact, it’s not uncommon for people to build a new network specifically for IoT devices.

Benefits of Internet of Things in Various Fields

Previously, you have understood what the internet of things is and its constituent elements. You are certainly curious what are the actual benefits of IoT? In general, the internet of things has many benefits in its application. Its main benefit is to make human work easier, but IoT is also useful in various fields. Here are some of them.

1. Agriculture

One of the sectors that will benefit from the internet of things is agriculture or agriculture. This sector which is very close to human life can use IoT for various things. Starting from collecting data about rainfall, soil moisture content, humidity, and even getting help to monitor pests.

For example, the sensors that we embed in smart devices can help farmers know the humidity and water content in the soil. This, of course, can give them useful information about which plants are suitable for growing in such soil, or what kind of fertilizer to use. Having useful information like this can certainly improve the quality and quantity of harvests, as well as minimize the risk of losses due to crop failure.

2. Health

After the agricultural sector, the medical and health sectors will also receive many benefits from IoT. Currently, the medical world is still developing the internet of things. By using IoT, we can receive all examination results more quickly and be analyzed by medical personnel. IoT helps collect and data related to the patient’s medical history and health conditions.

An example of the use of IoT and how IOT works that already exists today is the robotic nurse used by several hospitals abroad. These robots help ease the work of health workers, and are very useful, especially in dealing with a pandemic like now.

3. Transportation

IoT technology helps the transportation sector in terms of controlling, gathering information, and integrating transportation systems. The application of the internet of things in this sector is growing very rapidly in various vehicle engines. This is also how IOT works in the transportation sector.

For example, there are now cars that can park themselves and drive towards their owner. Going forward, IoT in the transportation sector will definitely always develop and maybe be able to reduce the number of accidents.

4. Environment

In the environmental sector, smart devices that are integrated with IoT and use sensors have helped make human tasks easier. For example, this device can monitor air and water quality, and can monitor animals in captivity. Not only that, the application of IoT is also used to detect natural disasters.


Thus the discussion about the internet of things. It is enough to know how IOT works for everyday life. Have you added your knowledge regarding this latest technology? The internet of things is currently developing and may become much more sophisticated in the future. By using it, humans will be greatly assisted in all sectors. Hopefully this article is useful for those of you who want to learn more about IoT.

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