What is Artificial Intelligence

What is Artificial Intelligence in 2023: History, Benefits, and Examples

Artificial Intelligence – Technology that is getting better creates a lot of smart devices which then adopt artificial intelligence technology or Artificial Intelligence (AI). Its presence, of course, not only proves the existence of technological progress but also has benefits for mankind. 

This AI technology is then able to lighten the human workload, and then make it more efficient and effective. This technology has been developing for a long time, but not everyone is aware of it or knows about it. In addition, the type or application is also increasingly widespread. 

Which AI technologies have you experienced or used? Or maybe even all this time have not realized if using it? If confused, maybe you need to know more details about this super smart technology. Check out the explanation below. 

What Is Artificial Intelligence?

The basic thing or the most basic thing you need to know about Artificial Intelligence is what it means. Why? Because there are many experts and experts who formulate definitions of this one technology. Knowing some of them can help better understand the true definition of the technology. 

In terms of language, artificial intelligence technology is composed of two words namely “intelligence” and artificial. Rawly can be defined as an intelligence or a skill that is basically man-made. Where the intelligence of the human brain is naturally possessed and grows as long as a person is breathing. 

Meanwhile, someone with this natural intelligence then assembles a system or device. The goal is that this device can facilitate one’s own work or that of another person (human). The tool that was successfully created and the technology that was successfully born is what is then referred to as AI earlier.

Understanding According to Experts

Another term to mention this technology is the intelligence of a scientific entity, which then encourages many experts to formulate their own definitions. Some of them are: 

Andreas Kaplan and Michael Haenlein  

Both define AI technology as the ability of a system to interpret external data correctly, to learn from that data, and use that learning to achieve certain goals and tasks through flexible adaptation. John McCarthy 

According to John McCarthy, AI technology has a definition as an activity or technology that models a human thought process and designs a machine so that it can mimic the behavior of that human. 

HA Simon

Meanwhile, according to HA Simon, AI is then interpreted as all research sites, instructions, and applications related to computer programming to do something that is considered intelligent by humans. 

Through the various definitions of AI according to a number of experts and experts above, it can be concluded that the notion of this technology is human intelligence that is modeled into a device or computer system so that it can carry out activities like those of humans. 

It is hoped that with this technology, humans can more easily carry out one activity and another. Because computer devices have been designed in such a way as to be able to do work that generally only humans can do. 

In order for this computer to run a job, it will need data. Of course, this data will be collected by humans who create or embed artificial intelligence in the computer. This data is then processed by a computer device, and if successful the data is written properly and read correctly.

4 Forms of Artificial Intelligence

So this computer will later have the ability to carry out activities or work that is usually done by humans. This form of activity is tailored to the wishes of the maker himself. Then, AI technology also generally has one of the following four forms of intelligence: 

1. Act humanely

the first form is to create a computer system to be able to perform a job or activity as normally done by humans. 

2. Thinking humanly

the second form is being able to make the system think like a human who will then determine the actions of the system. So that it can be said that the system is made to be able to do humane thinking. 

3. Think rationally

The next form is to create a computer system to be able to think rationally so that it no longer thinks rigidly and shows that it has a machine. 

4. Act rationally

so AI technology on computer or computer-based devices is able to act rationally. Not only can imitate human work but also can realize a problem and mistake. So that the work being done can be stopped temporarily.

Then, can these forms of intelligence be applied? The more here, the more machines and computers that are able to fulfill it. Because fulfilling just one form already shows that AI technology is successfully applied to a computer or device. 

History and Development of Artificial Intelligence 

From the explanation above, maybe you will immediately feel curious, when did artificial intelligence begin to be introduced on earth? Although new smart technology has become a trend in recent years. It turns out that when looking at the history of its development, it is known that it was initiated tens of years ago. 

Reporting from various sources, the term AI was first coined in 1956. At that time, initial research was carried out on AI technology, but it was still very simple. Because technology in the 1950s was certainly not or not as sophisticated as it is today. At that time, it was just beginning to explore simple topics. 

Such as the topic of solving a simple problem and then the topic of a symbolic method. Entering the 1960s, the United States then paid attention to the AI ​​technology that was initiated a decade earlier. The superpower then trains the computer to mimic human reasoning. 

One example of the application of artificial intelligence by the United States at that time was the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) technology. DARPA’s initial success was completing road construction mapping in the 1970s. 

Then only later in 2003, DARPA succeeded in producing a smart personal assistant. So that it became a pioneer of AI technology long before Siri and Alexa were discovered. Apart from DARPA, there are many other projects that are trying to apply AI, and of course not only in the United States. But all countries in the world. 

The early days of AI began to be known to the public and then it was known to have a good ability to imitate human activities. Then it raises a lot of negative assumptions, where humans will be shifted by machines. Besides that, the stigma of AI is getting worse with its portrayal in various films and tends to be scary. 

For example, there is a film that tells that robots with AI technology invade humans. Attacking humans and taking over the earth which then gives great losses to mankind. However, over time, AI has received more positive responses and ratings. 

Moreover, there are already many devices with this technology that can easily help with daily work and are also easy to control. This means that Ai becomes a friend and is no longer seen as an enemy and a threat.

What are the Benefits for Life? 

The presence of AI since the 50s until now has brought major changes and new hopes for a better life. This is based on the various benefits provided by this technology, some of which are: 

  1. Helps Minimize Errors 

The first benefit of artificial intelligence technology is that it helps minimize errors. For example, a camera product that is equipped with an autofocus feature . Using the camera is easier because it can focus directly on objects, thus minimizing errors in determining the focus of what is being shot. 

  1. Solutions for Energy Saving 

The next benefit is to help save energy, regardless of the type and form of energy. For example, the use of an automatic system to turn off the lights in an office building. If the system knows that there is no activity in the room, the light will automatically turn off. 

  1. Playing a role in the Exploration of Natural Resources 

AI technology is also useful in assisting the process of exploring natural resources. For example helping mining companies to detect ideal locations for mining activities. Processes with AI are faster, thus making mining activities more effective and efficient. 

  1. Save HR 

This smart technology also helps save human resources, because everything is managed by a system on a particular computer or device. This then helps the company to reduce the need for human resources. 

For example, for parking lots, where an exit parking number is generated automatically at the entrance gate. So there is no need to provide human resources to record and wait at the entrance post. 

  1. Useful in the Health Sector 

Artificial Intelligence technology also provides great benefits in the health sector. For example, many tools or machines have been found to detect diseases experienced by patients. 

These sophisticated medical machines or devices will work faster and give better results than ordinary x-ray equipment . Thus helping medical personnel, especially doctors, to minimize errors in diagnosing disease. It also speeds up patient recovery.

Examples of Application of Artificial Intelligence 

In life or in everyday life, artificial intelligence technology  is increasingly providing great benefits. The application itself is very numerous and covers all fields. Some examples of applications that are commonly used in everyday life are: 

Incoming Email Category feature in Gmail

The first example of implementing this smart technology is Gmail’s incoming email filtering feature. When logging into personal email in Gmail, of course, you will find a number of categories. 

Starting from Main, Social, Promotion, Spam, and so on. So that incoming email does not go directly to Main but is filtered by the Gmail system. Then it is put into the appropriate category, this feature helps Gmail users to know which emails are important and which ones are spam. 

Search predictions from Google 

The next example is Google’s search predictions, namely the recommended keywords or those that are predicted to be searched for when opening the Google main page. So, every time you open the main page of the Google search engine, there will be a number of predictions in the search column. 

One word that has been typed then raises a number of predictions or recommendations. So there is no need to type at length when doing a search. Just one or two words and then see the results of Google’s predictions, if something fits, just click or play with the cursor. 

DeepFace Technology Inside Facebook 

Do you like or have you been a user of the popular social media Facebook for a long time? When uploading photos or videos, and then want to tag the stem in the photo. Then the cursor will be followed by a golden yellow box. 

This box belongs to artificial intelligence technology and is called DeepFace. So that the AI ​​system inside Facebook will detect faces and then recommend or predict a number of names after typing one or two words. 

Chatbot Features on Websites and Applications 

AI makes it easy to minimize HR needs, one example of its application is the chatbot feature which can be found on a company’s application and website. 

This feature makes it easy for visitors and app users to connect to customer service offline by answering a number of questions. Certain questions may match what the visitor was looking for. 

So that without the need to communicate directly with CS, visitors will find the answers they are looking for. This then helps the company to minimize the number of CS. So that it helps minimize expenses in the form of monthly employee salaries. 

Virtual Assistant 

The next example is the Virtual Assistant service, which currently has many choices. Like Google Assistant, Siri, and also Alexa. In the future, this type will continue to grow along with the number of people who are assisted by this technology. 

This virtual assistant helps users of a device to perform several activities. For example, giving reminders when scheduled meetings arrive, reminding you of mealtimes, searching the internet without typing, and so on. 

Examples of the application of artificial intelligence are basically very diverse, because there are more and more smart devices around us. This shows that more and more devices have been enhanced with this technology. 

Book Recommendations About Artificial Intelligence 

What if you want to explore or learn more about AI? In addition to using information sharing from the internet. Of course, it is more ideal if you ask the experts and equip yourself with reading a number of appropriate books. Speaking of books, here are some recommendations for book titles published by deepublish about AI:

  • Book of Application of Data Mining for Predicting Consumer Price Index on Changes in Minimum Wage Value
  • Machine Learning Theory, Programs, and Case Studies book
  • Garch’s Modern Forecasting Books, Artificial Neural Networks, Neuro-Garch (Theory and Applications)
  • Mindstorm Nxt Robot Building and Programming Basic Book
  • Algorithm and Programming book
  • MATLAB Programming Book on Fuzzy Expert Systems

There are many more book recommendations that discuss artificial intelligence besides those mentioned above.

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